Understanding Ramadan and Eid-al-fitr

13th May 2021

For Muslim Australians, and for Muslims around the world, Ramadan is the holiest month of the year celebrating Mohammad’s first revelation of the Koran. The annual observance of Ramadan is one of the important Five Pillars of Islam. During Ramadan Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset, even water is not allowed. But children, pregnant women, the elderly and sick people are not expected to fast. For many, Ramadan is also a time to feel closer to God and to spend time with family and their communities. The evening meal is called the iftar and is a special event each night.


Ramadan ends with the 3 day Eid-al-fitr which starts with the first sighting of the new moon. People attend mosque for prayers and wear their finest clothes. It is a joyous occasion when wrongs are forgiven, gifts exchanged and special foods are eaten.


In 2021 Eid-al-fitr occurs on May 13. On that date we can greet our Muslim Australian friends with “Eid Mubarak” which translates as Happy Eid!



This article has been written by Dr Liz Tompkins

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